Skip to main content

The Main Differences Between B. Pharm. And Pharm. D. Degree In Pharmacy

Pharm. D. Vs B. Pharm.
There is only one school in Nigeria that run the Pharm. D (Doctor of Pharmacy) program. That is the University Of Benin (U.N.I.B.E.N). Many pharmacy students are curious to know the difference between B. Pharm and Pharm. D. in Nigeria and other parts of the world. Some even ask which is better. If you are one of those, you are at the right place.

Both B. Pharm and Pharm. D programs are job oriented medical courses available in many parts of the world including Nigeria relating to the field of pharmacy.

Degree

Pharm. D. is a doctor of pharmacy equivalent to a Post Graduate Doctorate Degree program while B. Pharm. is just a bachelor of pharmacy. It is an undergraduate degree.

Job Title

Pharm. D. holders can use the title Dr. in addition to their name. However, it is not so with a B. Pharm holder.

Course Duration

Pharm. D is a six years course while B. Pharm is five years. However, B. Pharm students who wish to acquire the Pharm. D degree can apply to study (post Baccalaureate) which will take them three years on a part time basis or two years full time in University of Benin (U.N.I.B.E.N) or in foreign country where it is acceptable.

Curriculum

B. Pharm. curriculum is more on industry and research. Pharm. D. has the added advantage of having courses on the concept of pharmacy, clinical health care studies, pharmacy practice, and pharmaceutical care.


Pharm. D. program have a clerkship program that is usually longer than that of B. Pharm. Some rumours have it that those schools such as Delta State University (D.E.L.S.U) who are already doing Pharm. D. curriculum under B. Pharm. curriculum will spend one-year less to get Pharm. D.

This curriculum is very important in hospital practice where patient care is high. Other opportunities are in the clinical research organisation.

Job Profile

B. Pharm. can work in a variety of settings like in the hospital, owning a pharmaceutical shop, pharmaceutical industry etc. Pharm. D. have an added advantage of being a health care professional, consultant, research profession, and clinical scientist.

Many developed country minimum practice requirement is a Pharm. D degree.

Academic Pursuit

Pharm. D. holders can go for their Ph.D, unlike B. Pharm. that must first get their M. Pharm. in a related field before going for PhD.

M. Pharm is master of pharmacy, which can be obtained within a space of 2 years after getting a B. Pharm degree.

Note: Pharm. D. must never be confused with D. Pharm. D. Pharm. is a diploma degree in pharmacy that is obtained from some polytechnic or other accredited institutions in a period of three years which we will discuss at a later date.

Salary

The salary structure of Pharm B. and D. Pharm is same in most establishments in Nigeria. This maybe because the new D. Pharm degree is not yet well recognized in this country. With time, this is going to change. However, there are some establishments that do offer a level higher pay for D. Pharm than B. Pharm.

Duties

B. Pharm. holders can operate as a general pharmacist. D. Pharm. students do drug dispensing, patient counsel, compounding, patient history and record keeping, maintain records of medicines and its effects, advice on safe use of drugs and administer drugs.


Pharm. D. holders are trained to counsel patients and inform them about the medicine/drug dose, the best time, and method to use. The course focuses on the mechanism of drug actions/side effects/adverse effects (drug reaction). Others include cases for the appearance of diseases and possible complications if left untreated. Not all diseases can be treated with drugs. That is where lifestyle modification comes in. To sum it all, it is clinical oriented (patient centered). However, they also learn what is taught in B. Pharm. There are so many diseases a Pharm. D. holder can diagnose and treat, including appropriate selection and therapeutic usage of drugs, monitoring patients.

M. Pharm. and B. Pharm. on the other hand are research and industry based oriented. They deal with drug formulation, drug sources, molecular structure, and method to synthesize and manufacture drugs including the pharmacological action of the drugs.

Share On Social Media With Family And Friends To Show You Care!

Comments

Nice write-up. I am a B. Pharm holder from Madonna University. I can't help but comment that the B. Pharm you described is alien to me. I am speaking only for my alma mata and not any other school of pharmacy (great they all are but). My last days in school were filled with statements like "abeg, you get complete T.B?"; "who has complete migraine? I need to update mine". Other students look at us--Pharmacy students in awe but these are completely understood has different BULKY handouts in our cycle. Pharm. D is of course a higher qualification (and I hope to further), but I tell you, no Pharmacy graduate from Madonna University, Elele fits into your description of B. Pharm. A nice attempt anyway. Kudos. -Orogbo Uthman B.
Sarah Obomure said…
Many schools offering B. Pharm have adjusted their curriculum to look like the D. Pharm curriculum. That is why it is like that. I understand. At Delsu, it is almost similar to the UNIBEN cirriculum. However, I wanted to explain the differences years ago when B. Pharm curriculum was complete. I tell you that most of the courses you did were from D. Pharm curriculum

Also In This Blog

Undergraduate And Postgraduate Courses Offered In Accredited Schools Of Pharmacy In Nigeria

To practice as a pharmacist in Nigeria, one has to study in an accredited school. The study programme is long and practically impossible for anyone to learn everything the profession has to offer. This ranges from the undergraduate and postgraduate study.

Guidelines On How To Fill Industrial Training Log Book For Pharmacy Students In Nigeria

Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (S.I.W.E.S) Industrial Training (I.T) was designed by the government to add to student Curriculum Vitae (C.V) after graduation.

How Doctors Write Medical Prescription Of Drugs For Pharmacist

A visit to the hospital is hardly complete without a visit to the hospital pharmacy unit. A doctor has the power to send you to various units within the hospital to have a better diagnosis.

How To Write A Project Proposal For Pharmacy students In Nigeria

Once a project topic has been approved, the next steps in some cases is to write a project proposal. This is not always the case. It all depends on if your supervisor wants one. The truth is that proposals for undergraduate school projects is a little bit different from when one wants to write a proposal for other projects.

The Full List Of Drug Classification Of Nigeria Essential Medicine

The national drug policy for Nigeria presents a formula in which categories falls into a framework for meeting the nation’s drug need.

The Stages Of Drug Development And Design For Herbal Medicine

Medicines are group into traditional and orthodox (western) medicines. Western medicines involve proper investigation of the activities of the drug, which is usually in a pure form in the dosage ranging from tablets to capsules etc. This is not the case with traditional drugs, which depends on the crude drug for activities. They are mostly in liquid forms.
Traditional medicines are more common in Africa and Asia with the western world using more of orthodox medicine. The success stories of many traditional medicines have made World Health Organization (W.H.O) to adopt guidelines in the incorporation of it into mainstream medicine.
The adoption of traditional medicines by who has led to the introduction of the methods used in orthodox medicine. Let us see how some of the popular drugs came about. The method here focuses on herbal drugs development but have similarity with synthetic products. For the herbal drugs developed by the methods, it can be called semi-synthetic drugs like hyos…

How To Become A Pharmacy Technician In Nigeria

Pharmacy technicians are a group of trained personnel who assist the pharmacist in all aspects of practice. They were introduced by Pharmacists Council Of Nigeria (P.C.N) some years ago. The schools that have been licenced to run the program include most state-owned school of health technology e.g. School of Health Technology, Ofuoma, Ughelli. This is in addition to some other health institutions including some newly approved private health institute. These schools also offer other health-related courses such as Community Health Extension Workers (C.H.E.W). In all and all, the method of admission and training is similar.

Recommended International Non-proprietary Name Of Drugs (Full List) With Formal Name

One of the functions of World Health Organisation (W.H.O) is the regulation of International Non-proprietary Names (I.N.Ns) which was established in 1950.

Guidelines On How To Choose A Project Topic In Pharmacy

The fear of school project is the beginning of hard work. The curiosity of what final year project is going to look like is normal among final year students. Making the right choice is a very difficult task. The choice is to put into account the right department and the right project supervisor to the right topic. All these choices if properly selected will make the student to achieve a very good project work that will be appreciated by the external supervisor at minimum cost to the student.

Common Hospital Staffs And Their Roles In A Nigerian Hospital

A visit to the hospital by many people bring them in direct contact with doctors and some few other health care professional.

Labels

Show more